Conclusion and References/Resources


Baltimore is one of the oldest cities in the country, with a long history of progressive growth and development. The challenges Baltimore faces are ones faced by other cities here in the United States, and increasingly the world over. These policy proposals represent an attempt to create the space with which Baltimore residents, denizens, workers, and other stakeholders progressively reimagine what Baltimore is capable of becoming, in order to generate a broader conversation about the future of the city. But this conversation cannot continue along the paths it has previously taken, which have left workers behind, and black workers in particular, and which have increased inequities in housing, education, and numerous other areas. In practical terms, this version of political economy has reduced democratic process, and the value of a vote, to mere symbolism.

Although we are not wedded to every specific the policy as they stand we are wedded to the spirit they exemplify, as we believe the right to the city resides and should reside in the bodies, hopes, and dreams of the people living in it.


Much of this document was written by taking examples from a range of different sources. We list those sources below, not solely to give credit where credit is due, but to hopefully provide an opportunity for those who believe in the spirit of this document but not necessarily the content, to generate similar ones. Our Baltimore has room for a multiplicity of perspectives.  That said, this list is not definitive; missing are many voices. We hope you will use this document as a way to add yours.

Alexander, Michelle. 2010. The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press.

Ames, Alisa, Mark Evans, Laura  Fox, Adam J.  Milam, Ryan J.  Petteway, and Regina  Rutledge. 2011. “2011 Neighborhood Health Profile Sandtown Winchester/Harlem Park.” Baltimore.

Austin, Jennifer Jones. 2014. “Worker Cooperatives for New York City: A Vision for Addressing Income Inequality.” New York City: Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies.

Ayscue, Jennifer B. 2013. “Settle for Segregation or Strive for Diversity? A Defining Moment for Maryland’s Public Schools.” Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles.

Baltimore Activating Solidarity Economies (BASE). “Mapping the Democratic Economy.” Available from:

Bedoya, Roberto. 2012. “The Politics of Belonging and Dis-belonging.” Arts in a Changing America. Available from:

Bedoya, Roberto. 2016. “Human Rights and Property Rights. Placemaking and Placekeeping.” Available from:

brown, adrienne maree. 2017. Emergent Strategy. Chico, CA: AK.

Brown, Lawrence T. 2015. “Down to the Wire: Displacement and Disinvestment in Baltimore City.” In The 2015 State of Black Baltimore, ed. T. Rone. Baltimore: The Greater Baltimore Urban League.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 2004. “The Case for Reparations.” The Atlantic.

Duda, John. 2015. “Energy, Democracy, Community.”

Equity Matters, Inc., and Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies. 2012. “Placematters for Health in Baltimore: Ensuring Opportunities for Good Health for All. A Report on Health Inequities in Baltimore, Maryland.” Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies.

Fullilove, Mindy Johnson. 2004. Rootshock: How Tearing Up Neighborhoods Hurts America, and What We Can Do About It. New York: New Village.

Gillen, Jay. 2014. Educating for Insurgency. Chico, CA: AK.

Gomez, Marisela. 2015. Race, Class, Power, and Organizing in East Baltimore: Rebuilding Abandoned Communities in America. Lanham, MD: Lexington.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. 2014. Collective Courage a History of African American Cooperative Economic Thought and Practice. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Grandpre, Lawrence and Dayvon Love. 2015. The Black Book: Reflections from the Baltimore Grassroots.

Hager, Eli. 2016. Blue Shield: Did You Know Police Officers Have Their Own Bill of Rights? The Marshall Project 2015 [cited February 18 2016]. Available from – .ipDZ3PyjE.

Jacobson, Joan. 2007. “The Dismantling of Baltimore’s Housing Stock.” Baltimore: Abell Foundation.

Justice Policy Institute, and Prison Policy Institute. 2015. “The Right Investment? Corrections Spending in Baltimore City.” Justice Policy Institute.

Katznelson, Ira. 2005. When Affirmative Action Was White : An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America. 1st ed. New York: W.W. Norton.

Massey, Douglas S, and Jonathan Tannen. 2015. “A Research Note on Trends in Black Hypersegregation.” Demography 52 (3):1025-34.

McLeod, Allegra. 2015. “Prison Abolition and Grounded Justice.” UCLA Law Review.

National Center for Education Statistics. (2015b). School composition and the Black-White achievement gap. Washington, DC:  U.S.  Department of Education. Retrieved from on February 8, 2016.

National Cooperative Month Planning Committee. 2005. “Cooperative Businesses in the United States.” Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives.

Pietila, Antero. 2010. Not in My Neighborhood : How Bigotry Shaped a Great American City. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.

Right to Housing Alliance, with the Public Justice Center. 2015. “Justice Divided: How Renters are Processed in the Baltimore City Rent Court.” Public Justice Center.

Rothstein, Richard. 2015. “The Making of Ferguson: Public Policies at the Root of Its Troubles.” Economic Policy Institute.

Seitles, Marc. 1998. “The Perpetuation of Residential Racial Segregation in America: Historical Discrimination, Modern Forms of Exclusion, and Inclusionary Remedies.” Journal of Land Use & Environmental Law:89-124.

Shiller, Jessica. (2015). The new reality for suburban schools: How suburban schools are struggling with low income students and students of color in their schools. New York: Peter Lang.

Wenger, Yvonne. 2015. “Women Allege Sexual Harassment at Gilmor Homes.” The Baltimore Sun.

Wright, Erik Olin, and Rachel Dwyer. 2013. The American Jobs Machine  2000 [cited December 16 2013]. Available from